Between 6% and 10% of women, in reproductive years, and 20-50% of women with infertility problems are affected by endometriosis.
Most common among women aged between 25 and 30 years.
Endometriosis is an inflammatory and hormonal condition where the tissue that normally lines the uterus, called the endometrium, can be found in other locations of the body where it’s not supposed to be. The most common area to find the growth is in inside the abdominal cavity, where it can progress to the peritoneum which covers the intestines, bladder, fallopian tubes and ovaries. Just like the uterine lining, the endometrial tissue is also triggered to shed during our monthly cycles. This trigger is caused through hormonal changes that signal your period to start and also causes the other tissue to bleed. The shedding of the blood is extremely irritating to the nerves present in the abdomen, causing much of the pain associated with endometriosis. This irritation, over time and the subsequent inflammation leads to the formation of scar tissue that can cause the pelvic and abdominal organs to develop adhesions. Adhesions cause organs to become less mobile and rather stick together which can result in bladder and bowl pain, constipation, ovulation pain, severe menstrual cramping and pain, infertility, chronic pelvic pain and painful intercourse.
Many women affected by endometriosis often have a significant delay in diagnosis. This makes it difficult to determine the exact correlations between diseases. From various studies, researchers have found women can go anywhere from 7 to 11 years after symptoms show before being diagnosed.